Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a chronic neurological disease of the central nervous system that affects the brain and spinal cord. In addition, there is damage to the membrane surrounding the nerve cells, which is called myelin. This causes stiffness in the cells and slow or stop the flow of neurons traveling between the brain and the organs of the body.
What are the cases of multiple sclerosis or plaque M.S:
Multiple sclerosis, commonly known as multiple sclerosis or multiple sclerosis
It is a disorder of chronic immune disorders that attacks the myelin layer. Which causes a malfunction of the central nervous system such as the brain, spinal cord
In addition to the optic nerves, this condition of multiple sclerosis leads to an imbalance in many basic body functions such as vision, balance, and muscle control.
Causes of cases of multiple sclerosis or plaque M.S :
There are a lot of factors that cause multiple sclerosis or M disease.s, where multiple sclerosis affects a large number of people around the world
The main cause of multiple sclerosis is still unclear. Where plaque sclerosis occurs is when the immune system mistakenly attacks the substance myelin that envelops the nerves. It treats it like a foreign body in multiple places in the body, causing it to become inflamed. And after the stage of inflammation are scars, which are scientifically known as atheromas.
This causes a distortion in the nerve messages sent between the brain and the rest of the body, and sometimes nerve signals may stop completely،
There are a combination of genetic, environmental factors that play a role in increasing the risk of developing the disease. Thus, they may be one of the causes of plaque sclerosis, and these factors include:
Genetic factors: genetic mutations can increase the risk of infection
Gender: women are more likely to develop multiple sclerosis than men. Scientists believe that the reason for this is due to hormones such as progesterone, estrogen.
Age: among the factors that increase the risk of developing m disease.S, age groups from 17 to 42.
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis or plaque M.S:
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis can include several symptoms that vary from patient to patient . According to the severity of the nerve damage, the location of the affected nerve, the symptoms of MS can include the following:
- Optic neuritis: it is the one that causes vision problems in both eyes or one of them. Vision problems are one of the first signs of MS or M disease.S.
- The presence of a cognitive defect: it consists in the presence of problems with thinking, planning, the ability to learn in addition to the occurrence of stuttering in speech.
- Having psychological problems: depression, stress, frustration, and loss of appetite can be among the symptoms of multiple sclerosis cases. In some cases, patients with multiple sclerosis have suicidal tendencies or thoughts.
- Inability to control the bladder, intestines.
- Feeling of fatigue, exhaustion, pain, numbness.
- Infection with inflammation of the spinal cord.
- Epilepsy, difficulty moving, imbalance.
Types of multiple sclerosis or M-plaque cases.S:
There are several different types of M.S. The most common of them are a relapsing-remitting type of multiple sclerosis, advanced primary multiple sclerosis, and advanced secondary multiple sclerosis. In recent years, there has been a growing consensus that these symptoms indicate a continuum of Ms.
One of the most famous is multiple sclerosis or m-plaque.s:
1.Secondary advanced M.S: people with this type often have a previous history of attacks. But then the symptoms of the disease begin to appear gradually. In addition, there is a deterioration in the functions of the human body over time. Therefore, most sufferers of this type of disease may continue to develop if it is not treated.
2.First-type Ms: after that type is less common compared to the rest of the types. It is characterized by a gradual exacerbation of symptoms from the very beginning with no noticeable relapses of the disease. Although there may be a temporary or slight relief of symptoms.
3.Progressive relapsing-remitting M.S: it is considered one of the rare types of multiple sclerosis. Where there is a constant worsening of symptoms from the very beginning. Next to some acute relapses that can occur over time during the illness.
Methods of treatment of multiple sclerosis or plaque:
Multiple sclerosis can be treated, through a range of different methods, which help the patient to live independently and achieve progress in his condition.
Rehabilitation of multiple sclerosis or plaque:
The goal of rehabilitation, in general, is to maintain and achieve independent functioning of the disease. Thus achieving participation in social life, in patients with M.S. In addition, the main focus is on relieving symptoms, including cramping, pain and intestinal problems. In addition, when conducting such programs, the motor skills and cognitive abilities of those affected must be preserved.
The physical physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Center is one of the best physiotherapy centers specializing in the rehabilitation of multiple sclerosis or M.s. The physical center has an integrated rehabilitation unit for patients with the latest devices and therapeutic methods. Which help patients to carry out daily life activities functionally.
Medications can be taken to reduce the complications of M.S, as these medications help reduce the frequency of attacks of the disease, as well as the symptoms of M.S can be treated with medications. It depends on the symptoms that the patient has, whether there are visual problems, fatigue or weakness in the muscles and bones, intestinal problems or even problems with speech and swallowing.
Physiotherapy for multiple sclerosis or plaque cases:
Physiotherapy is one of the most important steps in the treatment of multiple sclerosis, because it works to strengthen the muscles and helps movement, especially in cases of leg weakness and walking problems.
One of the most important tips that the attending physician gives to a patient with M.S is to exercise, as exercise contributes to muscle strengthening and balance. It is also important to follow a balanced diet, as studies have proven that vitamin D deficiency increases the symptoms of the disease. Therefore, it is important for MS patients to eat foods rich in vitamin D, such as salmon tuna, with regular sun exposure.
One of the best physiotherapy centers, the physical physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Center is an integrated treatment system for the rehabilitation of multiple sclerosis or M disease cases.S. In addition, a special treatment program is designed for each patient individually to meet the patient’s needs for independence, and increase the patient’s ability to perform daily activities.
The benefits of physiotherapy in cases of multiple sclerosis or plaque:
There are a lot of benefits that physiotherapy brings to cases of M.S, where physiotherapy plays an important role in improving people with multiple sclerosis. Physiotherapy has an important role in reducing the pain caused by this disease, as physiotherapy programs reduce various seizures and increases the continuation of the normal condition.
Physiotherapy programs should be continued for a longer period to increase the flexibility and flexibility required for the patient’s continued movement, as physiotherapy is one of the best therapeutic means for patients with multiple sclerosis.S, in order to improve their condition and prevent complications.
Duration of physiotherapy for multiple sclerosis or m.s:
The duration of physiotherapy for M.S or m cases varies.s, according to the nature of the pathological condition and the severity of the disease, so physiotherapy programs appropriate to the condition should be followed, so that the patient feels better. Physiotherapy is one of the important things for the patient to practice daily activities and facilitate the performance of various tasks, and it can be said that the duration of physiotherapy that the patient takes at the physical center is a standard period during which he can be able to practice tasks functionally.
Physiotherapy for patients with multiple sclerosis can take from 3 to 6 months, but it is worth remembering that the patient should continue physiotherapy as long as possible. So that he can effectively perform daily activities, reduce the feeling of pain and alleviate the complications of multiple sclerosis.
The best physiotherapy center for multiple sclerosis or M.s:
There are many physiotherapy centers specializing in the rehabilitation of multiple sclerosis or M.s, where Fizik center is considered one of the best rehabilitation centers for people with multiple sclerosis. As it has the latest internationally approved devices, methods and therapeutic programs, patients suffering from M.S can visit the physic Center for the rehabilitation of M.S cases, and benefit from the expertise of doctors and consultants specializing in the treatment of neurological diseases.
The physical physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Center is the best Rehabilitation Center for multiple sclerosis patients, increasing their skills and abilities to carry out daily activities functionally. Occupational therapy programs increase the patient’s ability to move and walk and minimize the complications of multiple sclerosis.
Some questions asked by others:
Does multiple sclerosis cause paralysis?
Multiple sclerosis does not cause complete paralysis of the body while affecting the efficiency and performance of most vital functions, such as movement and walking, where M.S is a chronic neurological disease that affects the central nervous system, which affects the brain and spinal cord, and therefore causes damage to the 1st membrane surrounding nerve cells called myelin; which leads to stiffness in the cells and thus causes a slow or stop in the flow of nerve currents traveling between the brain and body organs.
Can Multiple Sclerosis be cured?
One of the most frequently asked questions is the possibility of recovery from multiple sclerosis, as it is one of the most famous diseases that affect the nervous system and greatly affects the health of the individual. However, there is no definitive cure for multiple sclerosis. Physiotherapy has a great role in accelerating recovery and reducing relapse episodes that appear in imaging and clinical examinations, as well as slowing down the complications of the disease, and controlling its symptoms, and sometimes the symptoms are mild for some, but most cases the symptoms are strong and severe.
What is the end of multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, and one of the complications caused by multiple sclerosis. It is worth noting that the symptoms of multiple sclerosis vary from person to person،
But the most important of these symptoms:
- Stiffness in the muscles or cramps.
- Severe weakness or paralysis, usually in the legs.
- The occurrence of some problems with the bladder, stomach, or sexual functions.
- Having some cognitive problems, including forgetfulness or difficulties retrieving words.
- Experiencing depression, anxiety, or some mood swings.
Where does plaque sclerosis come from?
The exact cause of MS is still unknown, it is a multifactorial disease, it may occur due to a weakened immune system, where the disease may appear after immunological events (infection, vaccination), trauma, stress, so it is called Multiple Sclerosis because there are many different causes that cause this disease