Spine physiotherapy is one of the best ways to relieve back pain as Spine Physiotherapy aims to strengthen the muscles surrounding the spine, improve flexibility, and improve body posture, which helps reduce pressure and improve back function. In this article, we will address the benefits of physical therapy and its importance in maintaining the health of the spine and enhancing the quality of daily life.
Diseases of the spine
There are many diseases of the spine that people suffer from as a result of many different reasons, and in the coming paragraphs we will learn about the most important diseases that affect the spine.
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid spondylitis
It is a type of arthritis that occurs in the vertebrae of the spine and extends to include the shoulders, chest ribs, hand and foot joints, and this disease may result in chronic pain in the joints and back that causes the emergence of new bone structures in the spine that cause the vertebrae to fuse together
It is the tilt of the spine laterally at an angle in the shape of the letter S or C and its causes are not known, but in some cases scoliosis may occur as a result of other diseases such as cerebral spasm, spinal tumors, congenital malformations, or due to some types of microbial infections and infections.
Spina Bifida Spina Cracked Spine
The most prominent diseases of the spine is a disease that appears at birth and results due to the incomplete closure of the neural tube, which leads to an imbalance in the formation of the spine and its closure around the spinal cord, affecting mainly the spinal cord and nerves, which may result in an imbalance in the physical and mental abilities of the patient.
Curvature of the spine or kyphosis Deformity of the spine in the form of a convexity in the upper part towards the outside The affected person does not show any symptoms The curved appearance of the person and can lead to other symptoms such as stiff back and muscle strain
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis or spinal canal stenosis with age or due to birth defects Narrowing of the spinal canal (the canal through which the spinal cord passes) This narrowing causes pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, and this leads to pain and numbness in the leg and lower back
One of the most common symptoms of spinal tumors is the lower back, paralysis in some areas of the body, curvature of both sides of the spine, and problems walking
Spinal tumors may be benign or malignant tumors, as the abnormal growth of some tissues and cells of the body leads to the formation of tumors in various areas of the body, including the spine
It occurs in the lower vertebrae in the back and is considered the most common case where one of the gel discs between the two vertebrae slips or comes out of place, which causes pressure on the neighboring nerves that leads to nerve irritation resulting in back pain, numbness and weakness of the limbs
Common symptoms of spinal injury
The symptoms of spinal injuries vary according to many factors and influences such as the size of the injury, its type, its location in the spine and the age of the injured, and we will address in detail the different symptoms of spinal injury.
A set of general symptoms of spinal injury:
- Problems walking.
- Loss of control of the bladder or intestines.
- Difficulty moving arms or legs.
- A feeling of numbness or tingling in the limbs.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Pain, pressure and stiffness in the back or neck area.
- Abnormal position of the head.
- Lack of sensation in the arms or legs.
- The presence of unusual lumps along the spine.
- Loss or change of sensation, including the ability to feel hot, cold and touch.
- Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity and fertility.
- Sharp or severe pain caused by damage to the nerve fibers of the spinal cord.
Emergency signs and symptoms of spinal injury:
- Severe pain in the back, neck or head.
- Asymmetry or paralysis in part of the body
- Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in the hands, fingers, feet or toes.
- Loss of control of the bladder or intestines.
- Difficulty balancing and walking.
- Shortness of breath after injury.
- Neck or back sprain or presence in a strange position.
Symptoms depending on the location of the spinal injury
- Spinal injuries can manifest a variety of symptoms depending on the location and severity of the injury. Symptoms of spinal injury vary depending on the location of the injury, including:
- Neck injury may affect the respiratory muscles and ability to breathe.
- Injury to the lower lumbar spine may affect the control of nerves and muscles in the bladder and intestines, leading to difficulty controlling urination and defecation.
- Acute injuries to the spinal cord can cause changes in body functions and movement. Symptoms are determined based on the affected location of the spine:
1. Upper spine injuries:
– Injuries to the neck or the first and second vertebrae of the spine affect the respiratory muscles and the body’s ability to breathe.
2. Injury to the lower spine:
– Injuries to the lower lumbar spine may affect the control of nerves and muscles in the bladder, intestines and legs
3. Quadriplegia: It is the loss of function of the arms and legs.
4. Paraplegia loss of function in the legs and lower body.
The severity of symptoms is also determined based on the extent of damage to the spinal cord, where the injury is either complete or incomplete:
– Complete injury: There is no movement or feeling below the level of injury.
Incomplete injury means that there is still a degree of sensation or movement below the level of injury.
The most important physiotherapy devices for the spine
There are many physiotherapy devices that contribute significantly to the treatment of spinal problems, pain and injuries. These devices are located in advanced physiotherapy centers such as the Physique Center to contribute to creating a modern therapeutic environment for patients, and one of the most important of these devices is the most important of these devices.
1. Spine Decompression device:
- It is one of the best safe solutions for treating herniated discs and back pain.
- The spinal lift device is used in the treatment of herniated discs in different areas such as the neck and back.
- Treatment of spinal stenosis, which can occur as a result of narrowing of the canal through which the spinal cord passes, and leads to pressure on branching nerves.
- Treatment of various types of spinal cord injuries and related diseases, which may cause pain in the roots of the spinal nerves.
- Treatment of low back pain problems, as it helps strengthen the spine and improve its flexibility.
2. The importance of the Spine Physiotherapy:
- Assessment of curvature and flexibility: The device allows recording and analyzing bends and movements in the spine, which helps in assessing flexibility and structural changes.
- Posture analysis: The device is used to assess posture while standing or sitting, which helps understand the effect of postures on the spine.
- Motion Recording: The device can record movement during bends, folds, and rotations, providing accurate information about the movement of the spine.
- Track progress: The device can be used to record changes in spinal position over time, allowing health professionals to provide appropriate treatment plans.
- Improve diagnostic accuracy: The Spinal Mouse helps improve diagnostic accuracy for spinal problems, contributing to effective treatment plans.
3. 4D Formetric:
- · Used to detect and evaluate the vertebrae of the spine, it is considered a good way to determine the degree of curvature of the back and avoid injuries.
- · Identify structural changes: Used to identify structural changes in the spine, such as abnormal curves or changes in shape.
- · Assesses body posture: Body posture can be measured and analyzed comprehensively, helping to determine the impact of daily postures on the spine.
- · Assessment of deviations: Allows monitoring of deviations and changes in the spine over time, which helps in assessing the impact of treatment and medical intervention.
- · Support for diagnostic processes: Helps determine the accuracy of diagnosis of spinal problems, and is used as a complementary tool for clinical examinations and diagnostic images.
- · Identification of conditions: It is used to identify conditions such as spinal curvatures or excessive straightening and provides important data for developing treatment plans.
Spine Physiotherapy curvature
Treatment of curvature of the spine depends on a set of factors that must be taken into account to determine the optimal method of therapeutic intervention, one of these factors
1. Curvature intensity, where the optimal choice is made between the use of stents, physiotherapy, or surgery based on the degree of curvature.
2. The age of the patient is another vital factor in the choice of treatment, as stents show greater effectiveness in cases of children who are still developing. For adults, surgery is usually withheld except in cases of severe scoliosis.
3. Patient preference is another important factor, as the patient’s opinion and preferences are taken into account by the therapist when deciding the treatment option. There are those who prefer stents as an effective method, while others choose to resort to physical therapy or even surgery.
Some ways to treat scoliosis:
- Physical therapy and exercises: Physical therapy and exercises can help improve muscle strength and increase flexibility, which leads to improving body posture and standing shape, the physical therapist directs the patient to specific exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles surrounding the spine
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, weight loss can reduce pressure on the spine and relieve symptoms associated with deviation.
- Use of stents and prosthetic devices: The doctor may suggest the use of a dorsal brace to support the spine and correct the curvature The appropriate brace is chosen according to the severity of the curvature and the age of the patient.
- Drug therapy: Over-the-counter pain relievers can help relieve pain associated with severe curvature
- Surgery: In cases of severe scoliosis with curvature above 40 degrees or in cases where the curvature does not respond to other treatments, your doctor may recommend surgery. Surgery involves fixing the vertebrae using implant techniques, rods or screws to straighten and stabilize the spine.
- Exercise: It is recommended to adhere to some exercises, including the following:
1. Stretching: Stretching exercises can be done to improve muscle flexibility and relieve tension on the spine.
2. Core and back strengthening exercises: Exercises to strengthen the core muscles and back can be done to improve the straightness and support of the spine These exercises include planks and exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and back.
3. Practice posture improvement exercises: Posture enhancement exercises can be practiced to keep the spine straightened and reduce abnormal curves These exercises can include correct posture exercises and posture awareness exercises while sitting and walking.
Treatment of lumbar spondylitis
To relieve lumbar pain and inflammation, the following procedures can be followed as home remedies:
- Maintain a healthy weight and avoid obesity.
- Sit in a comfortable position for the spine.
- Eating healthy helps reduce inflammation.
- Exercise regularly and within the limits possible.
- Use cold or hot compresses
Physiotherapy for lumbar spondylitis:
- Physiotherapy: Physical therapy strengthens the muscles responsible for supporting the spine and relieving pressure on the vertebrae
- Acupuncture: The principle of acupuncture is based on the use of very fine needles, as they are pricked in specific areas to increase blood flow, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain.
- Manual therapy: offers benefits such as reducing stress and stress, relieving pain, and achieving a sense of relaxation and comfort.
Treatment of curvature of the spine without surgery
1. Treatment of back curvature with medications
The doctor may suggest taking some analgesic medications and may also prescribe osteoporosis medications that help prevent increased curvature by strengthening bone structure.
Physiotherapy includes physiotherapy exercises, massages and special exercises for the spine, with the aim of improving mobility, relieving pain and strengthening the muscles surrounding the spine.
3. Wear back brace
Wear a brace to straighten the spine and correct the curvature of the back and is more suitable for children as they are still in the stage of growth
4. Surgical intervention
Surgeries are resorted to in some rare cases and when the curvature directly affects the vital processes in the body such as breathing and the work of the nervous system
5. Exercises to treat back arches
- Knee rolls: To do this exercise you have to lie on the floor with your knees bent and moved on both sides of the spine
- Pelvic tilt exercises: To do this exercise, you have to lie on the floor, bend your knees, start arching your back slowly, stay in the arched position for a few minutes, and then return to lie on the back
- Exercises to press the knees towards the chest: In this exercise, you have to lie on the back with the knees bent and join one of them to the chest, then install for several seconds, and then switch between the legs
Treatment of curvature of the spine without surgery
Treatment for back curvature depends on the severity of the curvature and a mild curvature may not require any treatment. However, your doctor may recommend moderate or severe curvature treatment to prevent complications.
Splint or brace
A splint or brace is made of hard materials, such as plastic or metal, that support the spine. The splint or abutment can be full-bodied or partial.
A splint or brace is usually used in children who are still developing, as it can help prevent the curvature from worsening. A splint or brace is usually worn for 23 hours a day, and is taken off only for a bath or shower.
improve the strength of the muscles surrounding the spine, contributing to supporting the spine and preventing further curvature.
Strengthening exercises are usually prescribed by a physical therapist. Strengthening exercises can include:
- Back muscle strengthening exercises
- Abdominal strengthening exercises
- Exercises to strengthen the muscles of the shoulders
Physical therapy for curvature of the spine
Physical therapy can help correct posture and improve range of motion.
Physiotherapy is usually prescribed by a physical therapist. Physical therapy can include:
- Stretching exercises
- Strengthening exercises
- Posture correction exercises
Physiotherapy techniques in spine treatment
1. Motor exercises and muscle strengthening:
· Includes targeted exercises to strengthen the muscles surrounding the spine.
· They contribute to improving muscle strength and supporting the structure of the back.
2. Stretching and stretching exercises
· They contribute to improving muscle elasticity and relieving pressure on the spine.
· Enhances the range of motion of the spine.
3. Manual therapy and therapeutic massage
· Includes massage techniques to get rid of tension and muscle nodes.
· It can help improve muscle tissue elasticity and relieve pain.
4. Heat and cold therapy:
· It is used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
· It can be effective in calming inflamed muscles and relieving pain.
5. Therapeutic surgery
· In cases of severe scoliosis, surgery may be the ultimate option for spinal fixation.
· It can be a suitable method for correcting structural abnormalities of the spine.
· Used to relieve pressure on the spine and enhance muscle strength
· Whether through swimming or a variety of water exercises.
Benefits of Physical Therapy for the Spine
1. Among the most important benefits of physical therapy to relieve pain: Physical therapy helps reduce the pain associated with back problems such as muscle pain, multiple sclerosis and herniated discs
2. Improve back function: Physical therapy improves back function by strengthening the surrounding muscles, improving balance and controlling movement. Special exercise programs are designed to strengthen weak muscles and improve basic back stability.
3. Increase flexibility: Physical therapy helps increase the flexibility of the spine and surrounding joints by performing stretching exercises and manual therapy techniques
4. Avoid surgery: In many cases, physical therapy can be an alternative to surgery
physical therapy is one of the most proactive ways to try to treat back pain.
5. Reduce the risk of future injuries: Physical therapy helps promote awareness of correct postures
safe techniques for movement and patients are also instructed on how to avoid possible back injuries while doing daily activities or exercise.
Tips to avoid spinal pain
Many preventive measures can be followed to maintain the health of the spine and avoid spinal injuries, some of which include:
1. Maintain the correct body posture: You must sit and stand straight and take care of a good body position. Prolonged sitting without movement and sitting in incorrect ways should be avoided.
2. Physical activity: It is recommended to exercise regularly, as exercise helps strengthen muscles and improve spinal flexibility.
3. Proper nutrition: You should eat a healthy and balanced diet that contains calcium and vitamins
4. Avoid overstrain: Factors that cause stress on the spine
5. Maintain a healthy weight: It is recommended to maintain a healthy weight
6. Use the right furniture: Use the right furniture, such as comfortable chairs that support the correct body position.
7. Rest and relaxation: Excessive psychological and physical stress should be avoided and care to rest and relax.
Best Physiotherapy Center for Spine Treatment in Egypt
Fizik Center is one of the best spine physiotherapy centers, offering a range of advanced devices to diagnose and treat various spinal problems
,including curvature, scoliosis, herniated disc, back pain and other injuries.
Fizik Center is a comprehensive physiotherapy system and a reliable choice for those seeking specialized care.
The treatment programs at Fizik Center aim to provide long-term prevention and protection systems and programs.