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The causes of paraplegia and Physiotherapy for paraplegia

Physiotherapy for paraplegia

The symptoms and causes of hemiplegia vary, and one of the most important methods of treatment is physiotherapy for paraplegia , because it is one of the most common diseases where it occurs as a result of damage to some parts of the brain, and these parts are responsible for movement greatly, and hemiplegia is divided into two types, congenital paralysis that exists in humans since birth, and the other type acquired paralysis as a result of damage to parts of the brain. Therefore, in this article we will learn about the symptoms and causes of paraplegia and the best physiotherapy center for paraplegia.

What is paraplegia:

 Hemiplegia is one of the motor diseases, as it causes Hemiplegia of the body due to damage to parts of the brain responsible for movement, because it is a condition that leads to paralysis of half of the body or causes inability to move, in addition, it is a form of cerebral palsy, due to damage to half of the brain.

 It is normal to cause symptoms of paraplegia, the inability to transmit commands and perform movements to the muscles. In addition, they cause movement problems as well as the possibility of altering other functions such as memory or sensation. 

Hemiplegia is often accompanied by some changes where the muscles become stiff and excessively contracted, in this case it is called spastic hemiplegia, but in the case if the muscles become soft and flabby significantly, it is called flabby hemiplegia. 

The symptoms of paraplegia usually last from 2-6 weeks, and the shorter the injury period, the better the chance of improvement.

Symptoms of paraplegia:

It must be said that there is a group of signs of paraplegia, in general, complete paralysis may occur and be present on one side of the body as a result of paraplegia.

In addition, the symptoms of paraplegia may not be obvious in some cases, especially in children, it is possible that the symptoms may vary from person to person based on the nature of his individual condition, and the symptoms of paraplegia include the following:

  •  The sensation of muscle stiffness or weakness in one half of the body favors only one side of the body.
  •  Difficulty balancing and walking.
  •  Lack of most fine motor skills.
  • Delayed motor development. 
  • It is possible that the patient may have some problems with vision and vision.
  • Loss of the ability to pronounce correctly or chew food .
  • Loss of feeling in one half of the body.
  • Paralysis of some muscles of the body and inability to move.

Causes of paraplegia:

Chronic diseases can cause some complications for a person, and these complications may extend in such a way that they negatively affect human life, and among the complications of chronic diseases is paraplegia, including high blood pressure or diabetes.

Therefore, patients with chronic diseases should adhere to periodic follow-up, monitoring their condition on a daily basis so that the effects of chronic diseases can be avoided.

Among the causes of paraplegia, traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury may occur, which is usually caused by high-speed car accidents, in addition, there are a variety of other conditions that may be the cause of paraplegia, such as slipping accidents and falling accidents. 

It is worth noting that some types of paraplegia injury may be caused by cerebral palsy, hemiplegia, stroke, or other medical conditions

 Some brain diseases, brain infections, most cardiovascular problems, or lack of oxygen in the blood can also lead to hemiplegia, and below we review the causes of hemiplegia:

  • Brain bleeding or stroke injury. 
  •  Some types of brain tumors.
  • Inflammatory disease of the meningeal membranes.
  •  Some accidents or exposure to bumps affect the brain and may cause paraplegia.
  • Most autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
  • Spinal cord injury has some problems, which can affect the body and cause paraplegia. 

Complications of paraplegia:

Paraplegia is a non-permanent condition that can change over time, but there are many complications caused by paraplegia, and these complications vary depending on the nature of the injury.

Complications of paraplegia can be the following: 

  • Feeling of weakness or spasm on one side of the body.
  • Difficulty walking.
  • Lack of balance.
  • Finding it difficult when holding or carrying objects.
  • Loss of certain motor skills 
  • The occurrence of cardiovascular problems.
  • Feeling of tingling in the affected side.
  • Lack of bowel or bladder control.

 But fortunately, the correct treatment of paraplegia can greatly affect the diagnosis and development of the injury, and may also prevent the occurrence of some complications and the development of symptoms of paraplegia.

Treatment of paraplegia

Paraplegia is one of the injuries that may improve over time with adherence to an appropriate treatment program, and therefore the patient should go to a specialist doctor to determine the appropriate treatment for the condition.

 In addition, nervous or psychological stress and severe stress should be avoided for the patient, whether medical treatment, surgical treatment or rehabilitation is among the treatment plans, as it works to restore the movement of the body and face.

It should be noted, that there is no cure for paraplegia, as the various therapeutic programs focus on the recovery of the individual and restore his independence, to carry out his vital functions and increase his confidence to improve the quality of life.

Among the means of treating paraplegia are: 

  • Perform surgery to treat swelling at the injury site.
  • Spinal cord surgery work.
  •  Conduct a secondary treatment program for paralysis problems such as muscle injury.
  •  Take medications to reduce the risk of infection and blood clots.

Physiotherapy for paraplegia:

Physiotherapy is one of the best means of treatment for hemiplegia, as it contributes to reducing the symptoms of hemiplegia, as well as helps in accurate understanding, good diagnosis and clarification of the causes of hemiplegia, and physical therapy programs can be organized and implemented through multiple centers.

First, it is necessary to determine the best physiotherapy center for paraplegia, depending on the nature of the pathological condition and its development, the extent of the center’s use of modern equipment, as well as the experience of doctors. 

Physical therapy for paraplegia helps to restore the ability to perform motor skills, balance, standing and walking, strengthen muscles, improve muscle coordination and coordination.

Physical therapy programs for paraplegia, help patients to learn the ability to adapt to the injury and retrain to perform daily tasks and activities functionally.

Some people with paraplegia may need to use assistive equipment and devices to improve their ability to walk and perform muscle function and balance besides physical therapy for paraplegia, these devices include a brace, wheelchair or walker.

Physiotherapy for hemiplegia

Sport is very useful for the treatment of paraplegia, where the importance of exercise comes not only in order to restore movement and balance, but also helps to maintain heart health, blood sugar control, improve blood circulation.

It is worth mentioning that physiotherapy exercises for paraplegia should be suitable for the effort that the patient is able to make so as not to develop complications while performing the exercises.

One of the most important physiotherapy exercises for paraplegia is:

1.Sitting exercise for the treatment of paraplegia:

This exercise is done through a set of steps, namely:

  • Sit the patient on the side of the bed with his feet down, preferably with his feet touching the floor.
  • Try to make a balance of the body so that it is in the center line.
  • The patient initially uses the arms to try to bond.
  • The patient moved forward and backward with a tendency to Ataxia in order to increase the level of balance.
  • Gradually move the patient to the right and left to increase the strength and balance of the buttocks and waist area.

2.Exercises for the arms for the treatment of paraplegia:

This exercise can be done through a set of steps:

  • Clasp both palms together and straighten the elbows.
  • Move the arms up, down and to the sides.
  • Move the arms at an angle of 45 degrees up and down.

3.Foot exercise for the treatment of paraplegia:

This exercise can be done through a set of steps:

  • Place the injured leg over the other leg to facilitate movement.
  • Move the injured foot in a circular motion.
  • Move the affected foot up and down.

The importance of physiotherapy for paraplegia:

One of the most effective methods in the treatment of hemiplegia is occupational therapy, as it is one of the most important and necessary physical therapy methods for hemiplegia for most sufferers, so the best physical therapy center for hemiplegia should be chosen.

Physiotherapy for paraplegia can be done, by means of various devices, therapeutic exercises, as well as methods of occupational therapy that help the patient restore important motor and functional skills.

Conducting physiotherapy for patients with paraplegia requires an accurate diagnosis of the condition to determine the most appropriate treatment and rehabilitation program according to the nature and type of injury suffered by the person.

One of the best methods of physiotherapy for paraplegia is electrical stimulation, as it is used in some cases where the symptoms of paraplegia occur due to a brain injury, and it also works to stimulate most of the muscles.

Physiotherapy helps in the process of activating the brain, and also helps in sending signals and slowing down the loss of muscle tone in case of injury.

And exercise therapy methods to help stay in good physical shape in order to reduce chronic pain.

The best physiotherapy center for paraplegia:

Physiotherapy for paraplegia
Physiotherapy for paraplegia

There are many physiotherapy centers specialized in treating the symptoms of paraplegia, in addition, these centers identify the causes of paraplegia before starting the various stages of physiotherapy.

Fizik Center for physical therapy and rehabilitation is the best physical therapy center for paraplegia, as it uses the best modern devices and advanced therapeutic methods in the treatment of paraplegia.

In addition, the advanced experience of doctors within Fizik center is the most important factor contributing to the treatment of paraplegia patients effectively and in record time.

You can visit the physiotherapy unit for paraplegia at the Fizik center and get the best therapeutic experience through occupational therapy, physiotherapy techniques and the best physiotherapy devices.

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Some questions asked by others:

Is paraplegia a dangerous disease?

One of the most frequently asked questions by most people is the severity of hemiplegia, it can be said that hemiplegia is among the problems that most stroke patients are exposed to.

Hemiplegia is one of the serious health problems that may occur mostly for the elderly, and it is a Hemiplegia of one side of the body that occurs as a result of various causes, especially stroke.

While some chronic diseases may cause hemiplegia, including high blood pressure or diabetes, so patients should adhere to periodic follow-up to measure pressure and sugar and take medications on time.

Is it possible to be cured of paraplegia?

Paraplegia is one of the diseases that affects the human motor system and greatly affects it, so recovery from paraplegia is an important and necessary matter.

Thus, to some extent, paraplegia can be cured using physiotherapy methods and occupational therapy techniques. As well as medications used in the treatment of paraplegia, facilitating the performance of functional tasks and various life activities.

How to protect myself from paraplegia?

Paraplegia can be prevented by following several important methods, including:

  1. Stay away from smoking, as it is one of the main causes of atherosclerotic diseases, which necessarily leads to stroke.
  2. For pressure sufferers, they must adhere to the doctor’s instructions regarding the doses and appointments of treatment. With attention to constant follow-up with the doctor and measurement of pressure at regular intervals.
  3. You should adhere to healthy food, frequent intake of fresh vegetables and non-sugary fruits.
  4. The obligation of overweight owners to reduce their weight to normal limits.
  5. Frequent doing physical activity, following a daily walking program, or doing sports exercises that suit age, health status, and career.
  6. And those who consume alcoholic beverages should stop it immediately
  7. Avoid nervous agitation as much as possible.
  8. Reduce the intake of salted fish and pickles and reduce salt in food in general.

Can hemiplegia caused by a stroke be cured?

A stroke can occur due to bleeding caused by a ruptured artery or a blockage in the arteries. Whether complete or partial blockage.

Paralysis resulting from a stroke is considered recoverable. At a high rate by taking appropriate medications that lead to an increase in blood brain perfusion. This causes the nerve cells to regain their function again. In addition, the patient must undergo a series of physiotherapy sessions.

What is the difference between paraplegia and quadriplegia?

Quadriplegia is a type of paralysis that affects both arms and legs together. It occurs as a result of an injury or a disease affecting the cervical part of the spinal cord.

Whereas paraplegia is caused by brain damage or spinal cord injury. They cause paralysis or disruption on one side of the body, therefore weakness, inability to control and stiffness of the muscles occur.

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